United States History: 1500 to 1789: From Colony to Republic (Essentials)
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REA’s Essentials provide quick and easy access to critical information in a variety of different fields, ranging from the most basic to the most advanced. As its name implies, these concise, comprehensive study guides summarize the essentials of the field covered. Essentials are helpful when preparing for exams, doing homework and will remain a lasting reference source for students, teachers, and professionals.
United States History: 1500 to 1789 reviews the European age of exploration, the beginnings of colonization, the colonial world, the Enlightenment and the Great Awakening, the French and Indian War, the Intolerable Acts, the War for Independence, the creation of new governments, and the United States Constitution.
the 1748 Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle gave Louisbourg back to France in exchange for lands in India. 4.3 GEORGIA With this almost constant imperial warfare in mind, it was decided to found a colony as a buffer between South Carolina and Spanish-held Florida. A group of British philanthropists, led by General James Oglethorpe, in 1732 obtained a charter for such a colony, to be located between the Savannah and Altamaha Rivers and to be populated by such poor as could not manage to make a living in
Dickinson, was to work out a framework for a national government. The other was to draft a statement of the reasons for declaring independence. This statement, the Declaration of Independence, was primarily the work of Thomas Jefferson of Virginia. It was a restatement of political ideas by then commonplace in America, showing why the former colonists felt justified in separating from Great Britain. It was formally adopted by Congress on July 4, 1776. 6.4 WASHINGTON TAKES COMMAND Britain
European powers, including Britain. Its western boundary was set at the Mississippi River. Its southern boundary was set at 31° north latitude (the northern boundary of Florida). Britain retained Canada but had to surrender Florida to Spain. Private British creditors would be free to collect any debts owed by U.S. citizens. Congress was to recommend that the states restore confiscated loyalist property. CHAPTER 7 THE CREATION OF NEW GOVERNMENTS 7.1 THE STATE CONSTITUTIONS After the collapse
and planters. Though representing individual states, most thought in national terms. Prominent among them were James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, Gouverneur Morris, Robert Morris, John Dickinson, and Benjamin Franklin. George Washington was unanimously elected to preside, and the enormous respect that he commanded helped hold the convention together through difficult times (as it had the Continental Army) and make the product of the convention’s work more attractive to the rest of the nation.
colonists to enjoy a greater degree of freedom from government interference. The Protestant Reformation had taken place and England, a Protestant nation, was involved in a bitter struggle with the supporters of Roman Catholicism. 1.5 SIXTEENTH-CENTURY EUROPE The Protestant Reformation itself, along with the turmoil it brought, was one of the reasons that England and France gave little attention to America during the sixteenth century. Both countries had problems enough at home. The Reformation