The Civil War: The First Year Told By Those Who Lived It (Library of America, Volume 212)

The Civil War: The First Year Told By Those Who Lived It (Library of America, Volume 212)

Language: English

Pages: 689

ISBN: 1598530887

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Original year of publication: 2011

Additional contributors:Benjamin Moran, Irvin McDowell, Montgomery C. Meigs
(These contributors are listed here because the form ran out of space.)

After 150 years the Civil War is still our greatest national drama, at once heroic, tragic, and epic-our Iliad, but also our Bible, a story of sin and judgment, suffering and despair, death and resurrection in a "new birth of freedom." Drawn from letters, diaries, speeches, articles, poems, songs, military reports, legal opinions, and memoirs, The Civil War: The First Year gathers over 120 pieces by more than sixty participants to create a unique firsthand narrative of this great historical crisis. Beginning on the eve of Lincoln's election in November 1860 and ending in January 1862 with the appointment of Edwin M. Stanton as secretary of war, this volume presents writing by figures well-known-Ulysses S. Grant, Robert E. Lee, Mary Chesnut, Frederick Douglass, and Lincoln himself among them-and less familiar, like proslavery advocate J.D.B. DeBow, Lieutenants Charles B. Haydon of the 2nd Michigan Infantry and Henry Livermore Abbott of the 20th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment, and plantation mistresses Catherine Edmondston of North Carolina and Kate Stone of Mississippi. Together, the selections provide a powerful sense of the immediacy, uncertainty, and urgency of events as the nation was torn asunder. Includes headnotes, a chronology of events, biographical and explanatory endnotes, full-color hand-drawn endpaper maps, and an index. Companion volumes will gather writings from the second, third, and final years of the conflict.

Source: Retail MOBI (via library)

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admitted by the Border Slave-States, which had the effrontery to deliberate between their plain allegiance and their supposed interest, and but feebly denied by the Administration then in power. The usual panacea of palaver was tried; Congress did its best to add to the general confusion of thought; and, as if that were not enough, a Convention of Notables was called simultaneously to thresh the straw of debate anew, and to convince thoughtful persons that men do not grow wiser as they grow

We took all the public property, a fine Fresnel lens, and buoys for the channels; and General Sherman having declined holding it as a military point, and as it only absorbs my force from what is more necessary, and exposing it, when the rebels recover from their panic, to devices of fire vessels and masked batteries too far from my support, I have withdrawn the force. I regret to leave the place to the Negroes, but why should I expose my people to save the property of those who are planning their

established by law in eastern countries, to adjudicate the cases, in the event that this should not be objected to by the local authorities. If any good reason exists why we should persevere longer in withholding our recognition of the independence and sovereignty of Hayti and Liberia, I am unable to discern it. Unwilling, however, to inaugurate a novel policy in regard to them without the approbation of Congress, I submit for your consideration the expediency of an appropriation for maintaining

service intrusted to his care. It is gratifying to know that the patriotism of the people has proved equal to the occasion, and that the number of troops tendered greatly exceeds the force which Congress authorized me to call into the field. I refer with pleasure to those portions of his report which make allusion to the creditable degree of discipline already attained by our troops, and to the excellent sanitary condition of the entire army. The recommendation of the Secretary for an

April 1 Secretary of State Seward sends Lincoln a memorandum recommending that Fort Sumter be evacuated; that the administration should confront a European power as a way of reestablishing national unity; and that the president consider giving the authority to execute both domestic and foreign policy to a member of the cabinet. Lincoln responds by reminding Seward that it is the president who decides which policies to pursue. Virginia convention votes against secession, 90–45, on April 4, but

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