Missions of San Diego (Images of America)

Missions of San Diego (Images of America)

Robert A. Bellezza

Language: English

Pages: 128

ISBN: 0738596833

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


Californias first settlement began on a trail called El Camino Real, or The Royal Road, that was traveled by missionary pathfinders, soldiers, and conquistadors on a dramatic journey into a mysterious land. Monterey was discovered in 1603, leading to the quest. Explorers Don Gaspar de Portolá and Juan Bautista de Anza, along with ambitious Franciscan missionaries, founded 21 monumental Spanish missions and several asistencias and chapels for native neophytes, travelers, and visitors to Alta California. Following the initial landing in 1769 at San Diegos seaport, Fr. Junípero Serra founded Mission San Diego de Alcalá, Californias first landmark, at the original presidio site. The mission stands today exactly where it was moved, rebuilt, and completed in 1813. The native populations of California witnessed years of change from a sleepy province to the status of US statehood. The Spanish missions forged the powerful underpinnings of the Golden States earliest settlements 80 years prior to the worlds largest migration to California, the 1849 Gold Rush.

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you, Oh Lord, for all these brother and sister creatures.” (Southwest Museum of the American Indian Collection.) Mission San Luis Rey de Francia was returned to the Roman Catholic bishop of Los Angeles after the land patent was restored in a proclamation signed by President Lincoln on March 18, 1865, less than one month before his assassination. A sale of its title early in 1846 by the Mexican governor, Pio Pico, had brought $2,437 for the properties but was nullified in June after the Bear Flag

to inhabit Mission San Luis Rey de Francia as the first residents in 46 years since the death of Fray Jose Maria Zalvidea. New quarters would be set up for restoration work to begin. (Southwest Museum of the American Indian Collection.) Fr. Joseph Jeremiah O’Keefe was stationed at Mission Santa Barbara nearly 25 years, spending 19 years rebuilding Mission San Luis Rey de Francia. He found that the church dome had collapsed and covered the floor with three feet of debris; raising nearly $50,000,

Mission San Antonio de Pala’s rectory entrance is shown in this photograph. The mission is in the care of Camboni Missionaries, an order begun in 1867 by Bishop Daniel Camboni, a great missionary of Africa. The order of missionaries is also called the Verona Fathers and Sisters and occupied the mission beginning in 1948. (Southwest Museum of the American Indian Collection.) 86 Thomas J. Conaty, bishop of Monterey– Los Angeles, visits the annual Feast of Corpus Christi surrounded by native

(Southwest Museum of the American Indian Collection.) 88 The annual Mass of the Feast of Corpus Christi is traditionally celebrated before the mission’s Fiesta Days, which last several weeks and were begun by the first padres at the mission. It includes an Indian choir and an early-style pit barbeque and features the sounds of music with primitive Indian dances. Traditionally, the young girls dressed in white and scattered flowers in the path of the procession. (Southwest Museum of the American

pictured astride his palomino in celebration of the 171st birthday of Old Mission San Luis Rey de Francia in 1964. The commemoration of events and festivals is part of the California mission culture and joins many communities’ diverse populations to the oldest historical sites throughout the state. (Escondido Public Library, Pioneer Room.) Looking at the north facade of Mission San Luis Rey de Francia’s mortuary chapel, a side extension projects into the nave with an unusual balcony area made

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