Historical Dictionary of American Propaganda
Martin J. Manning
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From the French and Indian War in 1754, with Benjamin Franklin's Join or Die cartoon, to the present war in Iraq, propaganda has played a significant role in American history. The Historical Dictionary of American Propaganda provides more than 350 entries, focusing primarily on propaganda created by the U.S. government throughout its existence. Two specialists, one a long-time research librarian at the U.S. Information Agency (the USIA) and the State Department's Bureau of Diplomacy, and the other a former USIA Soviet Disinformation Officer, Martin J. Manning and Herbert Romerstein bring a profound knowledge of official U.S. propaganda to this reference work. The dictionary is further enriched by a substantial bibliography, including films and videos, and an outstanding annotated list of more than 105 special collections worldwide that contain material important to the study of U.S. propaganda.
Students, researchers, librarians, faculty, and interested general readers will find the Historical Dictionary of American Propaganda an authoritative ready-reference work for quick information on a wide range of events, publications, media, people, government agencies, government plans, organizations, and symbols that provided mechanisms to promote America's interests, both abroad and domestically, in peace and in war. Almost all entries conclude with suggestions for further research, and the topically arranged bibliography provides a further comprehensive listing of important resources, including films and videos.
m o t i o n of peace." I H R and its parent corporation, Liberty Lobby, were founded by Willis Carto. Its subsequent conferences and publications engendered international controversy, arguing that the Holocaust did not take place but that it was an invention of Jewish propagandists. See also Anti-Semitic Propaganda; Holocaust Denial FURTHER READING: Richard J. Evans, Lying about Hitler: History, Holocaust, and the David Irving Trial (New York: Basic Books, 2001); Deborah E. Lipstadt, Denying the
cultural exchange agreement signed. 1958 (April 17-October 19)—Brussels Universal and International Exposition (Expo 1958) opened. During its six-month run, Cold War tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union were reflected in the exhibitions in their respective pavilions. Opposition in Chronology of Important Events in American Propaganda xliii U.S. Congress to Unfinished Business exhibit on segregation forces its closure before end of exposition. 1959 (July 25-September
European countries. During the 1950s, the comic strip Little Moe: His Life Behind the Iron Curtain, created by USIA artist Philip Brady, became a satirical but funny attack on the Soviet dictatorship as the little character engaged in all types of activities to outwit "Big Brother Russia" and the Communist regime to make his life more comfortable. His frustrations, miseries, and subtle triumphs over his oppressors were depicted in pantomime cartoon strips understandable even to the world's
Director Edward R. Murrow, kept a balance among newsreels, special projects supporting foreign policy, and the art of the documentary film. Stevens authorized Charles Guggenheim to produce Night of the Dragon, and John F. Kennedy: Years of Lightning, Day of Drums (1964), a memorial tribute to the late president that won an Oscar in 1965 as Best Documentary and was given an exemption by Congress from the domestic dissemination provision of the 1948 Smith-Mundt Act to be shown in the United States.
negative prefix before it. Since the events of 9/11/2001, the Bureau of Public Diplomacy has been thrust into a war on terrorism that has commanded incredible resources and staff; this was heightened in 2003 when military operations in Iraq increased public diplomacy efforts in the always volatile Middle East, with new Web pages, publications (especially Hi, aimed to Arab youth) and broadcasts (e.g., Radio Sawa). In October of that year, the Advisory Group on Public Diplomacy in the Arab and