Georgia:: A State History (Making of America (Arcadia))
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Georgia's past has diverged from the nation's and given the state and its people a distinctive culture and character. Some of the best, and the worst, aspects of American and Southern history can be found in the story of what is arguably the most important state in the South. Yet just as clearly Georgia has not always followed the road traveled by the rest of the nation and the region. Explaining the common and divergent paths that make us who we are is one reason the Georgia Historical Society has collaborated with Buddy Sullivan and Arcadia Publishing to produce Georgia: A State History, the first full-length history of the state produced in nearly a generation. Sullivan's lively account draws upon the vast archival and photographic collections of the Georgia Historical Society to trace the development of Georgia's politics, economy, and society and relates the stories of the people, both great and small, who shaped our destiny. This book opens a window on our rich and sometimes tragic past and reveals to all of us the fascinating complexity of what it means to be a Georgian.
Courthouse towns laid out after the Revolution were Greensborough (Greene County) and St. Marys (Camden). Washington, in Wilkes County, began in 1783 on 100 acres that included a town common and 1-acre lots for residents.8 Funds derived from the sale of these lots were set aside for a courthouse, a county jail, and an academy. Greensborough and Waynesborough (Burke County) were planned on a decidedly larger initial scale, each with about 200 town lots. Some towns were founded largely on
cities began in earnest during World War I, but it gathered new momentum during the Depression. Poor social and economic conditions in the first three decades of the twentieth century were the catalyst for this migration. In 1890, blacks comprised 47 percent of Georgia’s population; by 1930, this figure had dropped to 37 percent; and by 1960, to 29 percent. During the 1920s and 1930s, many struggling white Georgians, also attracted by industrial growth to more urban areas, abandoned their farms
never be accepted as equals by whites in America. A prominent black sociologist at Atlanta University, W.E.B. DuBois, believed that the key to black advancement in a white society was through the education of black leaders. Unsympathetic to Washington’s accomodationism, DuBois instead advocated black political involvement and continued protest for equal political and social rights. With a large number of African-American fraternal and social organizations, Atlanta became the center of organized
documentation on the economic, political, and legal affairs of antebellum Georgia. CHAPTER 7 1 McDonald-Lawrence Papers, Collection 522, GHS. This collection contains letters and documents relating to states’ rights issues and events associated with Georgia’s secession from the Union. See also the Francis Bartow Papers, Collection 1156, GHS. 2 Robert Augustus Toombs Papers, Collection 804, GHS. 3 Confederate States of America Army Papers, Collection 169, GHS, contain extensive financial and
Carolina Press, 1976 Davis, Robert S. Jr. Cotton, Fire & Dreams: The Robert Findlay Iron Works and Heavy Industry in Macon, Georgia, 1839–1912. Macon: Mercer University Press, 1998. Doyle, Don H. New Men, New Cities, New South. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1990. Federal Writers Project. Georgia: A Guide to Its Towns and Countryside. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1940. Garrett, Franklin M. Atlanta & Environs: A Chronicle of Its People and Events. Atlanta: Lewis