Encyclopedia of Revolutionary America, Volumes 1-3 (Facts on File Library of American History)
Paul A. Gilje
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
Michael Tosko wrote:
Written by accomplished historian Gilje, these volumes do not just cover the continental U.S. but the entire North American continent. Gilje relies on primary sources as much as possible in the alphabetically arranged entries. Covering the period from the French and Indian War, in 1754, to the end of the War of 1812 (1815), the encyclopedia contains the expected biographical entries on the Founding Fathers, prominent politicians, and popular military leaders, but a special effort has been made to include previously neglected groups in the study of this era, such as Native Americans, African Americans, women, and the lower classes. Other topics include military engagements (both major and minor); aspects of quotidian life (Clocks, Clothing, Hygiene); ideals (Humanitarianism, Liberty); and other concerns of the day (Education, Immigration, Religion, Women’s status and rights). Entries, averaging about a half page in length, are cross-referenced and followed by lists of further reading. There are some black-and-white illustrations included, mostly portraits. Volume 3 includes a 12-page “Bibliographical Guide to Further Reading,” helpfully broken down into sections like “Economic Development” and “Foreign Policy.” Following this are close to 150 pages of “Selected Primary Documents,” ranging from “Albany Plan of Union” (1754) to “Proposed Amendments to the Constitution” (1815). Also in volume 3 are 35 maps, most of them of military campaigns and battles but also including thematic maps such as “Ethnic and Racial Diversity in the British Colonies prior to 1775” and “Loyalist Stronghold and Revolutionary Support during the American Revolution, 1776–81.” Overall, this is an easy-to-use, helpful, and comprehensive resource that would be a valuable addition to the history collections of high-school, academic, and public libraries. Also available as an e-book.
immigrated to Pennsylvania with his family when he was five years old. Although he grew up relatively impoverished, Brackenridge demonstrated an early capacity for learning. A neighboring clergyman taught him the classics, and he began teaching school at age 15 to earn money to further his education. Entering Princeton sometime around 1768, he worked his way through college by teaching in a grammar school. At Princeton he became friends with Philip Freneau and James Madison, sharing with them a
Calhoun and the Price of Union: A Biography (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1988); Merrill D. Peterson, The Great Triumvirate: Webster, Clay, and Calhoun (New York: Oxford University Press, 1987). California In the 1760s, concerned that the English or the Russians might claim California, the Spanish government decided to colonize the region. Instrumental in this effort was José de Galvéz, who as inspector general of New Spain (Mexico) organized the first Californian settlements.
April 16, 1778. By the time they reached Philadelphia on June 6, however, their mission had become hopeless: Nothing but full independence would placate the Revolutionaries, who had signed a formal alliance with France. Moreover, with the British army about to evacuate Philadelphia and French assistance on its way, many Revolutionaries believed that they were on the cusp of winning the war. Soon after Carlisle arrived, the Second Continental Congress informed him that the only points it would
separating the two armies. On July 5 Brown sent Brigadier General Peter B. Porter with a force of militia and Seneca into the woods on his left to sweep away snipers harassing his soldiers. Unfortunately for Porter, he was surprised when he ran into a strong body of Canadians and Native Americans who compelled him to retreat. In the meantime, Riall had determined to attack Brown and began to advance onto the plain late that afternoon. Riall believed that the gray coats worn by Winfield Choctaw
the War of 1812 (1812–15), he was a first lieutenant aboard the USS Wasp. He participated in that ship’s dramatic capture of the British brig HMS Frolic and given command of the prize, but before arriving in Charleston, he was in turn taken by a British 74-gun ship. The British paroled him in 1813, and he was given command of the sloop of war USS Hornet. Aboard the Hornet he successfully fought a rough engagement with a superior British ship, the brig HMS Penguin on March 23, 1815, in the South