Early America (History of Fashion and Costume) (Volume 4)
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Describes the history of fashion of Native Americans, in both North and South America, and the British and French colonists of North America.
Early America covers the regions of South America, Central America, and North America, from the days of the earliest indigenous peoples until the arrival and settlement of colonies through the late 1700s. Beginning with the history of weaving in the Andes and the evolution of textiles, this highly illustrated guide discusses everything from ordinary Inca, Mayan, and Aztec clothing and ceremonial wear to early Native American tribes in North America to British and French colonial styles and their influence in the New World.
Coverage includes pilgrim garb, Quaker style, homespun fabric, Dutch Colonial costume, knickerbockers, native dress of African slaves, the cotton industry, the introduction of Spanish and Portuguese colonial costume, and the military uniforms of the French, British, and Revolutionary armies.
wooden beads, pearls, feathers, and precious, imported copper.The higher their status, the more valuable the ornaments they wore. Many people tattooed themselves with patterns inspired by nature.They also painted their bodies with red body paint made from bloodroot and oils to protect themselves from insects. 35 The Iroquois The Iroquois tribes were linked by similar languages and a common way of life.They farmed corn, beans, and squash, and built longhouses in the thick forests along the east
the Virginia colonists; and the Lenni Lenape, who met the Dutch at New Amsterdam. Another Algonquian tribe was the Wampanoag, who met the Pilgrims when they arrived at Plymouth, Massachusetts. Most of the descriptions below are based on descriptions of Wampanoag clothing. Clothing of Hunters This Algonquian hunter is dressed for a special occasion in body paint, a fringed deerskin apron, a puma’s tail, a long bead necklace, and feathers. 38 The Algonquians wore clothing made from animals they
their necks. at the waist by a belt made from plant fibers. Algonquian women wore skirts, or sometimes dresses, with deerskin leggings underneath that tied just above the knee. Men wore long leggings that tied to their loincloths with plant fibers or sinew at the waist. Like the Iroquois, the Algonquians used wampum as a ritual offering and a prestigious garment. Algonquian children did not wear any clothing until they were ten years old. Mantles and Leggings The basic garment for an Algonquian
buckles. His father was an admiral in the British navy, and William also considered a military career. Ironically, the only authentic portrait that exists of William Penn shows him dressed in a full set of armor when he was twenty-two. A few months after he posed for this portrait, he converted to peaceful Quakerism, a religion in which men were urged not to dress in a “warlike fashion.” William Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania, encouraged the colonists to adopt simple dress. Amish Dress The
Aztecs believed that in order to have rain, a good harvest, or success in battle, they needed to offer sacrifices of blood and human victims to the gods. Many Aztec ceremonies involved this ritual. At the end of the Aztec year, priests dressed in the costumes of the gods for a processional ceremony. The Aztec emperor dressed in sumptuous, symbolic costumes that reinforced people’s perception of him as semi-divine. Ordinary Aztecs wore body paints and their finest clothing and accessories. Aztec