Black American Biographies: The Journey of Achievement (African American History and Culture) (African American History and Culture (Hardcover))

Black American Biographies: The Journey of Achievement (African American History and Culture) (African American History and Culture (Hardcover))

Hope Lourie Killcoyne

Language: English

Pages: 402

ISBN: 1615301372

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Developing a vitality that has drawn strength from a hardship-filled past as well as optimism for the future, African Americans have transformed the history and culture of the United States. From the abolitionists and civil rights leaders who struggled to secure basic freedoms to the scientists, entertainers, and public servants who have nurtured innovation in their respective fields, African Americans have broken critical barriers for every American. This volume profiles many of those individualsfrom Frederick Douglass to Oprah Winfrey to Barack Obamawhose efforts and ideas continue to enrich the foundations of the nation.

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critically and commercially, garnering three Grammy Awards and selling more than 20 million copies worldwide. She followed her musical success with a role in the film Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome (1985), and she wrote her autobiography, I, Tina (1986; adapted as the film What’s Love Got to Do with It, 1993). Later albums include Break Every Rule (1986), Foreign Affair (1989), and Wildest Dreams (1996). Her greatest-hits compilation All the Best was released in 2004, and Turner continued touring

drug dealing would inform his lyrics when he began rapping under the stage name Jazzy, soon shortened to Jay-Z (a name that may also have been derived from the proximity of the J and Z subway lines to the Marcy Projects). Jay-Z and two friends founded their own company, Roc-a-Fella Records, to release his debut album, Reasonable Doubt (1996), which climbed the Billboard charts, reaching number 23 on the pop chart and number 3 on the rhythm-and-blues chart. A string of successful albums followed

Willie Mays was exceptional at both batting and fielding. Mays played in major league baseball very soon after the colour bar ended, and he probably never received the respect due him based upon his skills. A spectacular catch made by Willie Mays of the New York Giants during the All-Star Game, July 12, 1955. UPI Both Mays’s father and his grandfather had been baseball players. Willie Mays, who batted and fielded right-handed, played semiprofessional baseball when he was 16 years old and

attended a local junior college before enrolling at Yale University, where he received a bachelor’s degree in history in 1973. After receiving two fellowships in 1970, he took a leave of absence from Yale to visit Africa, working as an anesthetist in a hospital in Tanzania and then traveling through other African nations. In 1973 he entered Clare College at the University of Cambridge, where one of his tutors was the Nigerian writer Wole Soyinka. Soyinka persuaded Gates to study literature

of the centrality of juke joints, new dance steps proliferated among African Americans in the 1920s, including the Charleston and the jitterbug. Tap dancing, a staple of later plantation life, also grew in importance. Among the most pivotal later contributions to African American dance came from Katherine Dunham, Alvin Ailey, and Savion Glover. ALVIN AILEY, JR. (b. Jan. 5, 1931, Rogers, Texas, U.S.—d. Dec. 1, 1989, New York, N.Y.) Dancer, choreographer, and director Alvin Ailey formed his

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