American Colonial History: Clashing Cultures and Faiths
Thomas S. Kidd
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Samuel Niles, Hannah Heaton, and Samson Occom, the significance of the Great Awakening was not in social power, nor in cultural change. It was in the individual’s ability to find a right standing before God. The experience of the new birth put many, though certainly not all, on a road of lifelong devotion to the precepts of evangelical faith. That kind of faith would have enduring consequences in American history. Moravian Baptism, from Short Account of the United Brethren Church (1762).
Aleuts’ population went into the familiar pattern of decline, falling from perhaps twenty thousand at contact to two thousand by 1800.20 Small though the Russian presence may have been, it prompted Spanish expansion along the Pacific coast, especially in California. A book titled Muscovites in California (1759), written by a Franciscan missionary to Mexico, typified Spanish fears about Russian incursions in the region. Even though missions had declined in importance in other parts of New
appreciate the scale of the project. Scholars estimate that building it required workers to dig and carry a stunning 27 million large baskets of dirt. Given the mammoth scale of the bird mound and other features, archaeologists once assumed that it took the residents of Poverty Point hundreds of years to build the mounds, including the bird mound. Recent analysis of soil erosion, however, has revealed just the opposite: the hunter-gatherers somehow managed to erect the bird mound in less than
solstices. Two hundred years before a similar decline transpired at Cahokia, the Anasazi center at Chaco Canyon fell into disuse after about 1150 C.E., probably due to drought, soil exhaustion, and resulting political turmoil. One of the new settlements to rise following the demise of Chaco Canyon was Acoma Pueblo, about a hundred miles to the south. Founded around 1300, Acoma is probably the oldest continuously inhabited settlement within what would become the United States.6 A French
threatning wrought more with him then all the reasons of Philosophy that could be given him; and so let her alone; but he never car’d much for her afterward, but chose another which he lik’d better. For the Planters there deny not a slave, that is a brave fellow, and one that has extraordinary qualities, two or three Wives, and above that number they seldom go: But no woman is allowed above one Husband. At the time the wife is to be brought a bed, her Husband removes his board; (which is his