African American Almanac: 400 Years of Triumph, Courage and Excellence
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evil was an inherent characteristic of the “white man’s Christian world.” Unlike Muhammad, Malcolm sought publicity, making provocative and inflammatory statements to predominantly white civic groups and college campus audiences. Branding white people “devils,” he spoke bitterly of a philosophy of vengeance and “an eye for an eye.” When, in 1963, he characterized the Kennedy assassination as a case of “chickens coming home to roost,” he was suspended from the Black Muslim movement by Elijah
numerous court challenges. The Depression worsened conditions on farms and in ghettos. On the positive side, the growing political power of blacks in northern cities and an increasingly liberal trend in the Supreme Court portended the legal and legislative victories of the 1950s and 1960s. A great deal of the civil rights struggle throughout this period was carried on by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, which had begun chipping away at the roots of legalized
baseball broadcasts. Because of his outstanding performance in post seasons, Jackson became known as “Mr. October.” During his years with the Oakland Athletics and New York Yankees, Jackson captured or tied 13 World Series records to become baseball’s greatest record holder. In 1993 Jackson was elected into the Baseball Hall of Fame, and on May 22, 2004, his number 9, was retired. LeBron James (1984–) Basketball Player LeBron Raymone James, born in Akron, Ohio, on December 30, 1984, decided
Chicago and was appointed Deputy Clerk of Cook County. Marshall joined the Illinois National Guard, organized a battalion, and served in it as lieutenant and as major. In June 1892, he was commissioned as a colonel and assumed command of the 8th Illinois USVI Regiment. He led the regiment to Cuba, where it joined with the 23rd Kansas and 3rd North Carolina in occupation duty. Although only ten weeks long, the Spanish-American War produced six black Medal of Honor recipients—five from the 10th
Army’s first black tankers. When the 761st went ashore in France on October 10, 1944, the men believed that their outfit’s existence was due mainly to McNair. (General McNair was killed by U.S. “friendly fire” on July 25, 1944, in France. The Joint Chiefs of Staff National Defense University is located at Fort Lesley J. McNair, named in his honor, in Washington, D.C.) The 761st joined the 26th Division on October 31, 1944, and was welcomed by the division commander, Major General Willard S.